Glycosides

 Essay about Glycosides

GLYCOSIDES

Objective

• To extract saponins form the ginseng

root and determine a few of its

physical and chemical properties

Short info about

Sennosides

Glycosides happen to be

compounds that yield one

or more sugars and a non-sugar aspect as the

products with their

hydrolysis.

• Simply, glycosides are called glucose ethers.

• When sennosides undergo hydrolysis, they will develop 2

parts: the aglycone or genin and a glycone.

• Agyclone – non-sugar part

• Glycone – glucose component

• Glycosides enjoy an important function in the life of the herb and these types of roles will be:

REGULATORY, PROTECTING and SANTIARY functions

Category of Glycosides

Heart failure glycoside

Anthraquinone glycoside

Saponin glycoside

Cyanogenic glycoside

Glucosinolate or isothiocyanate

glycoside

Flavonol glycoside

Alcohol glycoside

Aldehyde glycoside

Phenol glycoside

Lactone glycoside

What are

Saponins?

• Saponins are glycosides

that form colloidal

alternatives in normal water that

polyurethane foam upon nervous-looking.

• They have a bitter, penetrating

taste and they are generally

irritating for the mucous

membrane layer.

• They will destroy reddish blood

skin cells by hemolysis.

• They may be mostly used since

fish harmful toxins.

• Upon hydrolysis, that they yield an aglycone regarded

as a " sapogenin”.

• The sapogenin may be of two chemical substance classes:

• Steroidal – neutral saponin (on pH)

• Triterpenoid – acid saponin (on pH)

• Generally, saponins are lipophilic because they

have many carbon atoms that

varies from C27 to C30.

All about Ginseng

• Technological name:

Panax ginseng

(Asian ginseng)

• Active constituent:

Ginsenosides

• Uses:

Tonic, stimulant,

carminative, adaptogenic and

aphrodisiac.

• Side effect:

The most typical side effect

is definitely trouble sleeping (insomnia).

• Extreme caution:

Panax ginseng is PROBABLY

SAFE when taken by oral cavity for most

adults when utilized for less than a few

months. It can be POSSIBLY DANGEROUS when

used long-term. Experts think

it may...


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